HISTORY OF GREENHOUSE
The origin of the concept of the greenhouse has a long history as it existed since Roman times. Tiberius, a Roman emperor, used to eat a cucumber-like a vegetable daily. But it was not possible to have such vegetables in all season. So the Roman gardeners planned about using artificial methods which are very similar to the greenhouse system of today’s time. They planted cucumbers in the wheeled carts which were exposed to the sun during the day and stored inside to keep it warm at night.
Another part of history suggests the practice of greenhouses in Korea’s Joseon dynasty. During the Joseon dynasty in the 1450s, a royal physician of Korea compiled a treatise ‘Sanga Yorok’ on husbandry which describes the cultivation of vegetable in the winter. The chapter describes the heated greenhouse. The paper also contained detailed instructions on how you can build a greenhouse which is capable of growing vegetables and ripening the fruits.
The concept of the greenhouse appeared in the 17th century in the Netherlands. There are many of the largest greenhouses in the world, which produces millions of vegetables every year. However, the golden era of the greenhouse is said to be in England during the Victorian period. The competitive nature between the aspiring botanists was encouraged by the wealthy upper class, and eventually, that led to the most significantly elaborated buildings called greenhouses.
The greenhouse is mostly defined as the structure made up of transparent material with roofs and walls where vegetables and fruits are planted and grown in the controlled climatic condition. You can have greenhouses of different sizes from small sheds to big-industrialized buildings. The internal part of the greenhouse is warmer than the external due to the exposure of the sunlight, which significantly is protective in the cold winter. There has been many developments and a new addition to the greenhouse practice from its evolving days.
Today, not only wealthy people or botanists but also ordinary people are practicing the greenhouse. They find it very fascinating and appropriate to get the vegetables and fruits all around the year with an artificial method. The interest and attention of people on organic foods have also somehow added the weight of fascination and attraction towards the greenhouse. You can grow healthy and organic vegetables and fruits of your choice, so have those greenhouses in your garden rather than buying vegetables in the market. Examples are The Glass City, NYC Botanical Garden, Kew Royal Botanical Garden, Helsinki Winter Garden, etc.
- One of the significant factors is the availability of different types of crops, fruits, vegetables, and flowers that you can grow in the greenhouse all year around.
- Most prominently, greenhouses are one of the best choices for the people residing in the high-altitude countries. It will be pretty easy to maintain a viable food supply despite the harsh climatic condition.
- For most of the horticulture fans and gardeners, greenhouses are the best options. It allows them to grow plants, flowers, vegetables all season with affordable features available for the structure.
- Greenhouses are also needed to overcome the shortcomings in the growing qualities of specific land where growing seasons are shorter, and the exposure to the sunlight is merely low.
- The greenhouse is an excellent choice for anyone who is looking for commercial production. You can grow the vegetables all season with the control over the growing environment of plants.
- Moreover, the new edition of ‘Alpine house’ as a specialized greenhouse is also very much popular to grow alpine. It will protect the plant from the wet conditions in winter.
- Greenhouses are needed for the people to have their access to organic and healthy vegetables and fruits and avoid all the chemically processed food.
- Greenhouse outraces all those problems relating to the outdoor cultivation that most gardeners face in their gardens. It includes all those techniques leading to the control of temperature, levels of light and shade, irrigation, atmospheric humidity, etc.
- Greenhouses are very useful for a variety of things like owning fresh vegetables in your garden. You can grow a variety of crops, vegetables, fruits, herbs, house plants, that you can change every year at the same time.
- It is available in various sizes. Despite whatever, the size is greenhouse is the very spot where you can also store all your gardening tools, equipment, supplies. And you do not need any other extra store or garden shed to store the materials.
- One of the substantial advantages of having a greenhouse is that you can avoid all the problems relating to the weather conditions. Season change throughout the year, excessive rain, fluctuation in temperatures, droughts, won’t affect the growth of your plants.
- The shield provided to the plant with the greenhouse protects the plants from all the seasonal pests like the tent caterpillars, spider mites, locust swarms, etc.
- Greenhouses are the ones where your desired plants and vegetables grow smoothly in a healthy environment with the use of the artificial methods of gardening. The control over the temperature and humidity maintains the atmosphere of greenhouse and makes it more approachable for the plants to grow.
- It saves your money by even spending on planting the vegetables or for the maintenance of the greenhouse.
- You can get the plants to grow all season, and you can also give away some of the plants. That means you can also somehow sell it and earn money from it.
- Far most important is that owning a greenhouse is healthy for you and your surroundings. Work done on the greenhouse is all about you being involved in the soil. This activity can also relieve all the stresses and also lifts your soul. You will see all the happy plants in the greenhouse.
HOW TO MAKE A SMALL GREENHOUSE
- Manage the location where you can construct the greenhouse. The place should have exposure to sunlight for at least five hours.
- Make the area leveled so that the water drainage goes smoothly.
- You can always go for the style of the greenhouse that you want to have for your garden or backyard. Like you can opt to go with the lean-to option or the freestanding style. The lean-to option is a three-wall greenhouse that is attached to pre-established walls. The walls can be your house or the fenced area of your property. The other one is the freestanding greenhouse. You can use as it can stand on its own and you can place it anywhere.
- Greenhouses are also a store-like area where you are growing plants and vegetables throughout the year. You need a way to get in and get out so, have suitable and functional doors.
- The covering for the greenhouse must provide the accessibility to the sunlight, insulation along with the sufficient protection from the elements. You can use glass, polycarbonate or plastic sheets. Polycarbonates are the best as they are affordable, less expensive than the glass, and retain heat more effectively.
- Use ventilation as it controls the temperature.
- Install the heating system to create a suitable growing environment in the harsh conditions.
- To make the greenhouse more functional you need one CO2 generator.
- Arrange an irrigation system so that you can water your plants as and when necessary.
- Use the black pots in colder environment as they will hold the heat and keep the roots warmer. Other than the containers, you always need to avoid using dark colors as they can absorb the light that your plant needs.
- Make use of caulks as the panels of the greenhouse can be sealed. It will be water-proof, weather-proof, pest-proof.
OPTIONS FOR THE DIY GREENHOUSE PLANS
Well, everyone can’t go with a high budget for building the greenhouse. People prefer to have the result with a limited budget. They say,’ where there’s a will, there’s a way’. You can have those greenhouses in your garden or your area because of its ‘DIY’ period. You can now make your one by having those DIY plans. Here are some of the options that you can go with, which will save a lot of time and money.
GREENHOUSE OF PVC PIPE FRAME
One of the DIY options is that you can use the PVC pipe as a frame for your greenhouse. With a few attachments of the pipe frame with the coverage focusing on your area, your new DIY greenhouse will be ready. Its primary advantage is that it can hold stronger winds during the windy seasons. Its drawback is that there is no guarantee of its durability.
GREENHOUSE OF GLASS DOORS AND OLD HOUSE WINDOW
This type of DIY greenhouse requires the waste that you throw away. You need to have the frames that you can attach to make a greenhouse structure. You can also go with the heavier frames if you want by using the lumber and connect windows to that. For any smaller structure where you only want to cover a small raised bed, then you can stack up to the straw bales around the bed and put the windows across them. Most significantly if you are looking for the greenhouses that are smaller in size, you can go for it.
GREENHOUSE OF TRAMPOLINE
One of the exciting DIY greenhouse projects that you can go with is this one the greenhouse made up of the trampoline. Well, at first cut down the trampoline in half. Then attach a pipe to the legs at whatever length you want your new greenhouse to be. Then all you got to do is a frame in a door for the entrance to the greenhouse. Wrap it with plastic to protect the plants from the outside elements. And there you go as you get a lovely, little sweet greenhouse made of the trampoline.
GREENHOUSE OF PLASTIC BOTTLES
You need to collect a significant number of plastic bottles to create a greenhouse. Glue the bottles together to form a small home with the frames attached to it. The plastic shield coverage will protect your plants from the worse weathers and harsh condition.