Indoor plant

Indoor plant is the plant that people grow inside their residence or their office. Indoor plant adds beauty, glamour, and freshness to your house and office. Some of the beautiful indoor plants are listed below.

VIPER’S BOWSTRING HEMP-perennial indoor plant

Viper’s bowstring hemp is an evergreen perennial indoor plant which is also popularly known as the snake plant and mother-in-law’s tongue. The plant is known as the mother-in-law’s tongue or snake plant because of its shape and sharp marginal structure of the leaves. It is called the viper’s bowstring hemp because it is one of the sources for the plant fibers whose elements are used to produce the bowstrings. In Japan, it is known as ‘Tara no o,’ in China it is known as ‘Huweilan’and in Portugal and Brazil as ‘Espada de Sao Jorge.’

indoor plant

This plant is scientifically known as Sansevieria trifasciata which is native to West Africa from Nigeria east to the Congo. If we look at its scientific division, then this plant is classified to the family of Asparagaceae and kingdom of Plantae. The plant forms a dense stand with its roots creeping underground whereas sometimes above ground. The leaves of this plant are mostly stiff, and as the leaves get mature, their color turns in dark green with light gray-green.

This indoor plant uses crassulacean acid metabolism process to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. They can grow up to 2m height, the width of 5-6 centimeters and length of 70-90 centimeters. The plant is unique, adaptable, and durable in a wide range of climates. So it has attracted many people, which has led to the pot culture.

HOW TO CARE

  • VIPER’S BOWSTRING HEMP is the very element which plays a vital role in the production of bowstrings. It used to be a part of the yielding bowstring hemp, but nowadays it’s been outdated and unused which has made such indoor plants as an ornamental plant.
  • Unlike other indoor plants, viper’s bowstring hemp is adaptable to a wide range of climatic conditions whether it’s outdoor or indoor.
  • Place the plant outdoors in the summer when it’s hot and warm and put in indoors when the climate is colder. 
  • This plant is also tolerant of low light levels (60-80%shade), low humidity and drought. You can grow at your home and take advantage of the plant. However, it is tolerant to frost and cold winds, yet it goes along in the fluctuating temperature.
  • Due to the tolerant of various aspects like drought has made it possible of the occasional watering. You can water it once every couple of months in the winter. During the summer you can water the plant every other week. But never let the soil to be dry. 
  • Avoid overwatering the plants and watering the leaves; else you may rot the plant.
  • It can be easily propagated using the cutting procedure or can also continue by dividing the rhizomes. The cuttings form roots in the sandy soil in a month which produces a new plant. However, the cutting procedure can backfire the planting process.

 USES OF VIPER’S BOWSTRING HEMP

  • Viper’s bowstring hemp has been an integral part of bowstrings because of its use in the production of bowstrings. But it is not limited to that particular event because recent years have shown new applications of the plant. 
  • Well, modern countries like Australia take this plant as a potential weed.
  • The plant absorbs carbon dioxide and releases oxygen at night using the crassulacean acid metabolism process.
  • This plant acts as a good air purifier by removing the toxins (xylene, toluene, and formaldehyde) from the air, which eventually acts as a good cure for sick building syndrome.
  • The NASA Clean Air Study has declared that the plant’s indoor air filtration qualities remove four of the five main toxins. So it can act as an excellent refresher.
  • You can use it as Floor standing plants or Tabletop plants. You can use in your home, office, or garden that will add texture, color, and refreshing touch in any environment.

 CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PLANT

  • Viper’s Bowstring Hemp is native to Africa; a yellow-tipped cultivar directly related to Oya, the female orisha of storms. 
  • In Nigeria, it is widely associated with Ogun, the orisha of war, and is believed to be the vital element that is used to remove the evil eye.
  • In Brazil, it is named often as Espada de Sao Jorge that has a link to Saint George, who is also associated with Ogun through syncretism.

HEALTH BENEFITS OF PLANT

  • Viper’s bowstring hemp can cure many diseases and health problems like stomachache, diarrhea, etc.
  • It can also relieve asthma and inflammation.
  • It can also aid weight loss and also remove mucous secretion from bronchial tubes.
  • Moreover, it can also be used in the swelling caused due to injuries and can also act as purgative.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS

  • The leaves of the plant are likely to be poisonous so you should avoid it having in your children’s bedroom while you place it indoor.
  • The plant also contains saponins that are somewhat toxic to animals like dogs and cats which can lead to gastrointestinal upset if mistakenly consumed or eaten by the animals.

JADE PLANT-a lucky indoor plant

Jade plant or the money plant or lucky plant belongs to the kingdom of Plantae. Specifically, this plant’s binomial name is Crassula Ovata and is a succulent plant with small pink or white flowers. The plant is native to South Africa and Mozambique. It frows mostly on the rocky hillsides under the heat of the sun. It usually develops during the late winter as the rain is not adequate and only occurs during the winter months. The plant is quite popular worldwide as an indoor plant because it can root from any piece of stem even though it is being grazed or knocked over.

JADE PLANT

And if you go through the structure of Jade plant, then you can find its thick branches with its smooth and shiny leaves which grow in pairs on the opposite side. It can grow up to 3-10 feet with rounded heads of pink and white flowers in the winter-spring. Its succulent leaves are mostly found vibrant green whereas some may appear as in yellow-green color. You can also find some leaves having red tinge on the edge of it, which is due to the exposure of excessive sunlight. Despite the stems being brown and appearing woody with age, they remain succulent and fleshy throughout the plant’s life. 

The level of care for the plant is also quite low, and the requirement of water is too small, which makes it suitable for the indoor conditions. It is also known as the money tree, but interestingly it also has a nickname which is ‘Pachira Aquatica.’ If you provide the plant with appropriate circumstances, the plant will produce sweetly-scented, star-liked shaped flowers in white or pink color in the fall. It doesn’t stop there as the flowers also develop into small capsules, each carrying tiny seeds.

HOW TO CARE

  • Jade plant one of the easiest houseplants that you can grow in your house as it adapts even in harsh or dry conditions. It requires a few amounts of water in summer whereas in winter even less waterworks for the plant to grow as it can cause damage to the plant. During the winter, the plants need to be in the dry side as the leaves will have the previous summer moisture stored in it which will prevent the plant from dehydration.
  • Make sure that the plant gets correct exposure to the sunlight. Excess sunlight can have the red tinge appear on the edge of the leaves, which is not good. 
  • In most extreme cases, you may find the green color of the plant to be lost. When the jade plant produces pigments like carotenoids then to protect from the harsh sunlight and U.V. rays, it changes its color to yellow.
  • Whenever you plan to grow the jade plant in your home, then make sure you have the well-drained soil for it to flourish properly.
  • You need to keep the cleanliness maintained in the plant as it is vital for both the appearance aspect and the health aspect.
  • Remove the unwanted dead leaves and stems from the plant. 
  • Clean the leaves of the plant monthly using water, which is adequate for the room temperature. However, you should avoid oil, or any leaf shiners during the clean-up of the jade plant as it can harm the plant.
  • These plants are usually prey of mealybugs, during the colder climate. You can have use cotton bud or brush after soaking in rubbing alcohol to prevent insects. However, aphids and spider mites can also cause problems like deformation of the plant during growth, so watch out for those too.

  USES OF JADE PLANT

  • People in the Far East, Germany, and U.S.A grow jade plant traditionally in square porcelain tubes to bring financial luck.
  • As the appearance of the plant is pretty and fascinating, it works as a sculptural plant for rockeries, pot, gravel gardens, retaining walls.
  • It is used in containers as they can live in for years in the circumstances where the root is bounded.
  • The plant is very well-known for its bonsai capabilities as it can form a bonsai very smoothly after the pruning you do on correct order.

HEALTH BENEFITS OF THE PLANT

  • Jade plants can treat corn, epilepsy, warts, nausea, etc.
  • Like in Africa and the Khoi tribes used to eat the roots which they cooked and ate with the thick milk.
  • The leaves after boiling in with the milk serve as a remedy for diarrhea. 
  • Traditional Chinese medicine contains the jade plant along with the other elements to cure the symptoms of diabetes.
  • The master of Feng Shei has faith in the calming effects of the jade plant. So, they use it to improve the mental health of an individual. 

PROPAGATION OF JADE PLANT

The propagation method by cutting:
  • First of all, select a healthy branch from the jade plant
  • Use a sharp knife and cut it about 3 to 4 inches long.
  • Let the cuttings to dry and place the dry cutting into the well prepared potting mix.
  • Water sparingly to make the soil moist until you observe the roots developed. Do not overwater.
 The propagation method from leaves:
  • Select a fresh leaf from the plant
  • Lay the leaf into the potting mix.
  • Water gently to make the soil moist until you observe the roots developed. Do not overwater.
  • As and when the leaf has taken roots, it will grow on tiny plants.

 CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF JADE PLANT

  • Jade plant is a genus to Crassula and species of Crassula Ovata.
  • It is native to Mozambique and is also native to the provinces of South Africa which is the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal.

RUBBER FIG-a popular indoor plant

Rubber Fig has various names like rubber plant, rubber bush, rubber tree, Indian rubber bush or Indian rubber tree. It is the species of fig genus and native to the eastern parts of South Asia and Southeast Asia. Moreover, in countries like the U.S.A, West Indies, Srilanka, the rubber fig plant has been naturalized. Rubber fig plant ranges in various countries like Nepal, Bhutan, Indonesia, Spain, Italy, Burma, China, Northeastern India, Hawaii, the West Indies, etc.

rubber plant

Rubber fig grows up to 30-40 meters as a large tree and trunk can grow up to 2 meters in diameter. The leaf is mostly oval-shaped, broad and shiny, 10-35 centimeters which develop a cover at its apical meristem and grows larger after the formation of new leaves. Similarly, the trunk also develops aerial and buttressing roots to support the large branches by anchoring it in the soil.

HOW TO CARE

  • It is tolerant to most of the care, which can make it easier for the novices that are into planting or growing plants in their home or garden.
  • Water your plants timely. Do not overwater.
  • Avoid direct sunlight as the plant enjoys the dim light more. 
  • Manage proper space for the plant to grow as the rubber fig can grow pretty tall if it gets an appropriate environment and care.

USES OF RUBBER FIG

  • It was used to form the living bridges by guiding the roots of the tree over chasms.
  • Rubber fig is an ornamental plant. You can pu itt outside in frost-free climates and inside in the colder climates as a house plant. 
  • The plant yields a white latex, a chemical compound useful for the manufacture of the rubber.
  • Rubber fig is helpful for the air purification as it can absorb the airborne chemicals and break it, which ultimately eliminates the bacteria and mold spores in the air.
  • It plays the role of improving the quality of the air that we breathe by converting the exhaled carbon-dioxide into breathable oxygen. Thus it is a perfect plant to use in-home or office.

HEALTH BENEFITS OF RUBBER FIG

  • The most crucial advantage of having rubber fig in your home or office is its contribution to air purification.
  • According to the NASA Clean Air Study, this plant eliminates the toxins like formaldehyde from the air, thus making the environment safer and healthier.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF RUBBER FIG 

  • The white latex found in the plant when exposed can irritate your eyes and skin. So, make sure that you keep the rubber fig plant a little bit far away from the touch of children.
  • It is very toxic, and this can lead to severe damage to your health and body. So, you cannot eat or consume it.
  • Apply the preventive measures when you need to contact the plant so that you could avoid any infections or irritations caused by the plants.

DEVIL’S IVY

Devil’s Ivy is a flowering indoor plant in the family of Araceae. Its unique name has grabbed much attention. But that’s not all because it has several names like; hunter’s robe, ivy arum, money plant, silver vine, golden pothos, taro vine, Ceylon creeper. It is native to Mo’ orea, part of French Polynesia’s Society Islands archipelago. It is usually mistaken for the plant ‘Philodendron’ as the heart-shaped leaves resemble the Devil’s Ivy leaves.

devil's ivy

No matter how much you ignore and avoid the plant or put it in dark areas, the plant doesn’t die. Due to this unique feature, it got its name Devil’s Ivy. However, it is quite common as money plant in Nepal and India. Moreover, this plant is natural in the sub-tropical and tropical forests in Pacific Islands, Southeast and South Asia, West Indies, and Northern Australia. 

It can cause severe ecological disruption as it doesn’t have enemies which result in its over-growing in the forest floor as well as in the trunks of the tree. It can grow almost up-to 20 meters tall along having stems 4cm in diameter. Its leaves are so beautiful and are heart-shaped. The color varies as some leaves are yellow and some are light green variegation.

 HOW TO CARE

  • You need to manage adequate space for the plant as it grows pretty rapidly.
  • As you place it in your home, the most important fact is that you need to set sufficient support for it to climb. You can put a hanging basket or decorative pot where the tutor can help it to climb or trail down.
  • The Devil’s Ivy prefers indirect sunlight and tolerates the luminosity, but excessive exposure to the sunlight can severely damage the plant as it can burn the leaves.
  • For better results, you need to maintain a specific environment for the plant where the temperature is around 17 and 30 degree C.
  • It doesn’t need any high amount of water as it is tolerant of drought. You need to water the plant only when the soil feels dry to the touch. 
  • For better results, you can add liquid fertilizer during the springtime.

 USES OF DEVIL’S IVY

  • Devil’s Ivy itself is magnificent with its beautiful structure having the shiny and leathery, heart-shaped on leaves. 
  • It is an ideal plant that you can put in offices, homes, hotels, shopping centers, etc. 
  • The plant is famous as the houseplant, because of the easy maintenance and relatively reduced light requirements.
  • It is a good air refresher too.
  • You can use this plant in aquariums as it absorbs the nitrate and supports in the growth of the plant.

HEALTH BENEFITS OF THE DEVIL’S IVY

  • Well, this indoor plant is one of the best air purifiers that eliminate toxins like formaldehyde, which helps your environment to be safer and more breathable.
  • Moreover, in Feng Shui, Devil’s Ivy has a special place. They believe that it helps you to reduce stress and depression.
  • This plant does have a psychological effect on the people and the environment, that the outcomes are positive as people are overcoming their depression.

  POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF DEVIL’S IVY

  • One of the significant issues with the Devil’s Ivy is that it includes some of the hazardous toxins in it.
  • According to the ASPCA, the toxins involved in the plant is dangerous to cats and dogs, which is due to the insoluble raphides present in it. It may h may lead to vomiting, irritation if consumed by animals.
  • Moreover, it is also dangerous for human beings because it contains calcium oxalate, which is mildly toxic if consumed internally.
  • It causes symptoms like burning or swelling in the areas of the mouth if eaten. Similarly, you may also get skin irritation if you get excessive contact with the plant. So be aware of this indoor plant.
  • In tropical countries, due to the lack of enemies and any disturbance, it overgrows in the forest.

 CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE

  • It has a long significant history as a plant with nomenclature.
  • It was first categorized as Pothos aureus in 1880, from where it got its name pothos.
  • Several examinations and studies were done in it as it had several similarities that were like Epipremnum pinnatum, which lead to the classification of it as such.
  • However, after thorough research on the growth patterns and observation in leaves, it was classified into its own Epipremnum aureum.

SWORD FERN

Sword fern is a fascinating indoor plant that captures people’s attention with its structure. It is an evergreen fern plant that is native to western North America. The plant got its name ‘Sword Fern’ because of the lobe in the pinna that is small upward-pointing which resembles the sword. You can find a wide range of fern that occurs along the Pacific coast.

fern plant

The dark green fronds found in the sword fern grow up to 1.6-5.9 ft tall. The plant has only single pinnate as those pinnate alternates on the stem. The green fronds of the fern itself live up to 1.5 years to 2.5 years that remain attached to the rhizomes even after separation. There are two rows that are centrally attached to the mid-rib of each pinna having umbrella-like indusium with fringed edges. That structure itself makes the sword fern to be different and unique from the other plants.

HOW TO CARE

  • Unlike other plants, it is not a common indoor plant. It grows well in the wild with the appropriate environment given in the forest. It usually prefers to grow in the shades.
  • In the wild, it expands pretty well where the soil is well-drained and is acidic. The presence of rich humus and small stones in the land makes the sword fern to grow in better condition.
  • Sword fern is very prominent on its survival as it can tolerate droughts.
  • It develops better in the moisture and low sunlight.
  • This indoor plant doesn’t need any special fertilizers as it can adapt or make use of any simple, light fertilization.
  • Despite its wide range of availability, in most of the countries, in the eastern part of North America, they found it challenging to grow and flourish it. 

USES OF SWORD FERN

  • The people of Washington State and Coast Salish of B.C claimed that the sword fern could act as a good pain reliever. They have tested it too with better outcomes. You can apply the plant directly to the area of injury.
  • Because of its attractive and fascinating structure, the sword fern goes well in the decoration in the house, gardens as most of the florist recommend it too.
  • You can also eat the plant in the springtime. The Native American or the First Nation’s people peeled, roasted, and ate the rhizomes of the sword fern during the scarcity of food.

 POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF SWORD FERN

  • One of the major problems of the sword fern is that it grows well in the wild conditions where the weather is moist, and the sunlight is low. But in case of having it in the indoor, the plants may die if it doesn’t get the proper environment. 
  • However, you can use it for decorations in your home or garden but make sure you gave the correct conditioning and maintenance to it. Otherwise, it will be the worst of all.

WEEPING FIG

Weeping Fig, one of the popular houseplants is a species of flowering plant in the family Moraceae which is native to Asia and Australia. It is the favorite for most gardeners, florists, and people who like potting and flowering. Its binomial name is Ficus Benjamina and is an evergreen plant that can grow up to 1 meter tall. If you carefully observe it then being a small plant, it looks like a tree plant which is the attractive factor about this plant. Talking about the structure of it, the plant itself is green, and the leaves are also bright green with semi-pendulous branches on it.

weeping fig

Wedding fig is a plant that grows well both indoor and outdoor. You can place it in the lit positions in the indirect sunlight; it can flourish well in the indoor areas too. Similarly, in the frost-free area, when the climate is a little bit cooler, you can place it in an outdoor space where you find it suitable to fit in.

PROPAGATION OF WEEPING FIG

  • You can take a cut of the stem of the plant when the new growth is happening slightly in the time of early spring. 
  • Cut it off, leaving some of the leaves in the top of it. Sterilize the knife before cutting to avoid any infection to the plant.
  • Place it in the water and cover with plastic. Make sure you open the plastic bag once a day to remove the excess moisture.
  • As you will start to see the roots, then get a sterilized pot and have the soil mix.
  • Water it and place it on the humidity tray where the direct sunlight doesn’t reach it.
  • You will slowly see the leaves as the plant will grow.
  • You need to give continuous care for a better outcome.

 HOW TO CARE

  • One of the significant points is that don’t move the plant time and again. If you do so, it will start to lose leaves. 
  • Place it in an area where the plant gets a moderate level of sunlight. Avoid placing the plant from drafty windows and doorways as this can affect the growth of the plant.
  • The plant prefers the temperature around 60-75 degrees Fahrenheit, and also the humidity level must be not less than 40 percent.
  • Water the plant once the soil is dry to touch. In winter you need to water it even less.
  • For better results on the growth of weeping Fig, you can add a splash of diluted fertilizer during the fall and springtime. And it prefers a balanced formulation that is previously diluted by one half. 

 USES OF WEEPING FIG

  • According to NASA’s Clean Air Study, Weeping Fig is beneficial in cleaning the air. It eliminates toxins like formaldehyde, xylene, toluene, from the air.
  • It can convert the inhaled carbon dioxide into breathable oxygen. This process helps to make the air in the room to be safer and refreshing. 
  • It is an ornamental plant that you can place in the indoor areas. You can put it in decorative pots during the summer around your balcony or veranda during the winter days.

HEALTH BENEFITS OF THE WEEPING FIG

It purifies the air that we breathe every second. So, having it in your room or office can make the air safe and breathable that eventually leads to better health conditions of human beings.

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF WEEPING FIG

  • Weeping Fig requires moist conditions to flourish well. Thus pests like spider mite, mealy bugs, thrips may eat or damage the plant.
    • Solution: Use an organic insecticidal soap as an approach to backlash the pest issues.
  • It is poisonous to animals like cats and dogs at your home. If they eat plants, then they might face problems like salivation, vomiting, and oral irritation.
    • Solution: Place the plant far away from the reach of animals. In case of a severe issue, consult the veterinarian immediately.

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