Hibiscus is a flowering plant that falls under mallow family with large, showy, trumpet-shaped, conspicuous flowers with five or more petals. Its colors vary from white to pink, orange, peach, yellow or purple and its fruit is a dry five-lobed capsule with several seeds with red and white colors. It is known as a versatile plant as it enhances the beauty of any garden.
Hibiscus is also known as rose mallow, hardy hibiscus, rose of Sharon, and tropical hibiscus. The flower grows in warm temperature and tropical or subtropical regions throughout the world. The red hibiscus flower is offered to the Hindu goddess Kali and Lord Ganesh in Hindu worship.
How to grow Hibiscus?
Hibiscus is an eye-catching plant due to its large and colorful blossoms. It attracts hummingbirds and butterflies during the summer. To grow this plant, first, you need to know its type, whether its tropical hibiscus, hardy perennial hibiscus, or hardy shrub hibiscus.
The tropical hibiscus can be grown in a warm climate with full sun but not in cold weather as it cannot survive in frost or heavy freeze. It requires moist, fertile and well-drained soil with balanced organic and liquid fertilizer. Likewise, to grow hardy perennial hibiscus, you need well-drained soil with organic fertilizers and plenty of phosphorous. It also requires a robust to zone four climate and full sun. This type of hibiscus does not transplant very well, so you need to choose the location very carefully. The hardy hibiscus shrubs can be grown in five-nine zones climate with full sun, with a little afternoon shade in hotter climates. It requires fertile, well-drained soil, regular water, and nutrient needs.
- To grow hibiscus plant, you need its seeds then wrap the seeds with a paper towel.
- After that, pour some water, put it in a plastic bag, and check it after a few days.
- Once, they have sprouted, they are ready to be planted.
- Now, fill your pot with the mixture or mix compost into the soil and transplant the sprouted seeds into the container.
- Once, the plant is large enough to transfer to the ground; you can transplant it in your garden.
How to take care of Hibiscus?
The hibiscus plant needs proper care for better growth. So, you should keep the plant in such a location where it can get six hours of sunlight each day and moisturize the soil with water and necessary nutrients for better growth of the plant. You need to fertilize the plant weekly during the spring, summer, and fall. During winter, you should mulch the soil to keep warm and cover the plant with heavy frost cloths to protect the plant from the elements and raise their temperature. Likewise, you need to provide water that is about 95-degree f (35 degree Celsius) to keep them warm and healthy as the plants typically thrive during winter.
Hibiscus plant has numerous benefits. You can make tea from hibiscus flowers that can be served in both hot and cold climate, which helps to cure high blood pressure, high cholesterol, digestive system, and immune system, inflammatory problems, menstrual pain, liver diseases, aids in the treatment of hypertension, anxiety, and reduces the risk of cancer. It also helps to speed up metabolism and healthy, gradual weight loss. Along with this, the beverage made from the plant is rich in vitamin C, minerals, and various antioxidants and loved for its red color and taste of tart flavor. Dried flower is also edible and carries health benefits. Likewise, it is used as medicine and vegetable as well.
Possible Side effects of Hibiscus
Although hibiscus tea is a health enhancer, there are some possible side effects that you need to be aware of like lower blood pressure, fertility, allergy, and hallucination effect. It is not recommended for those people that have already low blood pressure as it may cause faintness, dizziness and even damage heart or brain. In addition to this, a pregnant woman should not consume this drink due to emmenagogue effect, which may stimulate menstruation or blood flow in the uterus or pelvic region. Moreover, some people might develop allergic reactions such as itchy eyes, sinus, or fever while some may feel intoxicated or hallucination while drinking this tea.